React Native vs. NativeScript vs. Ionic: App Development Comparison Is Here

Are you a fan of JavaScript technologies?

JavaScript is the most popular technology and language to learn among developers. Web developers, app developers, and tech enthusiasts believe that JavaScript builds the base for crafting superior applications which can withstand the competition.

According to the 2017 Stack Overflow Report, JavaScript was the most popular technology among developers. The rise of JavaScript frameworks over the recent years shows its capability to power the modern web application development. The approaches like cross-platform app development and hybrid app development captured the significant attention of developers, business owners, and giant tech organizations. Here, in this article, we will talk about the top 3 JavaScript frameworks – React Native, Ionic, and NativeScript and discuss the key differences between them.

Well, this post does not solve your confusion for selecting best among three but you will be getting an overview of each framework. You should consider how each of these frameworks can help you build future-ready apps by analyzing their features and drawbacks.

React native vs NativeScript vs Ionic

React Native vs. NativeScript vs. Ionic: What To Gain From Each?

React Native: Top-Trending Cross-Platform Development Framework

Developed and maintained by Facebook, React Native has a unique characteristic of ‘learn once, write anywhere’. It enables you to build cross-platform apps focusing on consistent development experience using JavaScript and React. React Native uses native components in order to deliver a native experience for iOS and Android platform.

Virtual DOM, one of the key features behind its popularity refers to the only rendering sub-components which are changed instead of rendering the entire page on each change. This overall improves performance and enables developers to create apps leveraging a single codebase with React Native development.

Here Are The Benefits Of React Native:
  • A strong community of developers
  • Native performance across all the platforms
  • Rich mobile UI declarative components
  • Use of Native SDKs
  • Single codebase to develop apps for the majority of the platforms
What Are The Drawbacks Of React Native?
  • Occupies more memory compared to the native apps
  • iOS components are more reliable than Android
  • Need to write platform-specific code
Who is Using React Native?
  • Facebook
  • Instagram
  • Pinterest
  • Bloomberg
  • Skype
  • Tesla
  • Uber
  • Walmart
  • Wix

NativeScript: Build Native Experience On Mobile By Leveraging TypeScript/JavaScript

This is a most-talked framework over the recent years.

It is popular for giving 100% native API access and therefore delivering the finest native experience. NativeScript allows the developer to build apps for iOS and Android using a single codebase in JavaScript, Angular, TypeScript, or Vue.js.

It is developed by Progress and community and gained enormous popularity after the few days of public release. The key feature of the NativeScript framework is direct interaction with native APIs.

For example, if you are calling NativeScript Button API, it directly calls the UIButton on iOS or com. android. widget. The button on Android.

NativeScript also provides Angular and Vue Integrations which is a plus for developers. Also, JavaScript can directly access native code so there is no need to write separate binding layers in platform-specific languages like Objective-C, Swift, or Java.

Why Is NativeScript Popular?
  • 100% Native API access for the finest user experience
  • One single code base for multiple platforms
  • Angular and Vue Interaction for building cross-platform apps
  • Reusability of components
The Disadvantages of NativeScript
  • Application size is bigger than native and hybrid apps
  • Development of UI requires great skills as there’s no HTML
Who is Using NativeScript?
  • com
  • Work Box
  • Zege Technologies
  • GeekyAnts
  • Zdravel
  • Organaza
  • Daily Nanny
  • Dwitch

Now, we are moving towards the Ionic framework which is built with an aim to simplify hybrid app development.

Ionic: JavaScript-Based Hybrid Mobile App Development Framework

Created by Max Lynch, Ben Sperry and Adam Bradley of Drifty Co. in 2013, Ionic provides complete open-source SDK for hybrid app development. You can leverage web technologies such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to build hybrid mobile apps.

If you are building apps with the Ionic framework, you need to use Apache Cordova plugins to access native functionality. The best thing about Ionic is it lets you build apps for Android, iOS, Windows, and web using a single code base.

Ionic focuses on performance and aims to deliver user experience according to the modern web standards. Ionic 3 is built on Angular which enables developers to create custom components. It offers fast development lifecycle and time-to-market that together makes it one of the widely used mobile app development frameworks at present.

The Pros of the Ionic Framework:
  • Apps can be built using JavaScript, HTML, and CSS
  • Great community support
  • The single code base for multiple platforms
  • A wide range of plugins are available
  • Rapid and efficient prototyping of an app
  • Angular components can be used
The Cons of Ionic:
  • Not suitable for high performance and UI-driven apps
  • Uses plugins to wrap app in the native container
  • Performance issues
  • Lack of native components

According to Wikipedia, In 2015, Ionic developers created over 1.3M apps with the SDK.

Who is Using Ionic?
  • MarketWatch
  • Pacifica
  • Untappd
  • Nationwide
  • Sworkit
  • JustWatch
  • Vertfolio

Major Differences Between Ionic, React Native, and NativeScript: How To Choose Best One?

Apparently, you can’t decide which is best as every framework has different approaches to the development producing different results. Each one has its own strengths, weaknesses, and methodologies. Choosing best depends on your needs and factors like time-to-market, budget, and audiences.
Here, we are highlighting the major differences among these 3 frameworks so you choose wisely.

Platform: Hybrid or Cross-Platform?

Ionic offers a complete solution for hybrid app development whereas, NativeScript and React Native target cross-platform app development. React Native and NativeScript aim to deliver native-like performances using languages which give access to the native APIs. On the other hand, Hybrid apps are web applications built using web technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Once built, the app is wrapped in a native container using Apache Cordova plugin.

Hybrid apps are easier to maintain and faster to build. It allows developers to use a single code base for multiple platforms. Ionic is embraced by many and it has a wide community dedicated to making Ionic one of the topnotch frameworks out there.

Cross-platform apps are performance-oriented though, one can’t overlook the performance of native app development. That’s pretty clear. Native apps are platform-specific and written in the platform-specific language.

Community Support And Expansion:

These three frameworks are built with different purposes. Each has a great community support with an aim of future enhancement. React Native is backed by Facebook, Ionic is developed by Drifty.co, and NativeScript is created by Progress – every organization possesses great skills and expertise to take the development environment to the next level.

Performance And Ease Of Development:

Ionic app development is rapid, simpler, and efficient compared to the other two. However, the other two frameworks are given priority when it comes to native-like performance. Developers have said that the Android components in React Native are less reliable than iOS components.

NativeScript development is the most favorable choice for cross-platform apps as it gives the 100% native API access in order to generate a smoother, flawless, and amazing user experience.

Ionic is not ideal for developing graphics-intensive apps because every time you need to wrap application in a native container that can decrease your app’s performance.

If we talk about ease of development, React Native recommends using React, NativeScript allows you to use TypeScript, JavaScript, Angular, or Vue. js, and Ionic uses Angular.

Choose Ionic When:

  • Angular is your favorite language
  • When you want to build one single code for the majority of the platforms
  • When time-to-market of your app is considered
  • Build highly interactive apps with great UI

React Native is suitable, when:

  • You want native performance using native interfaces
  • High-performance native apps for Android and iOS
  • Hardware functionalities can be accessed via the specific platform, not any third-party plugins

NativeScript is your ideal framework in scenarios like:

  • When you choose a cross-platform approach for your needs
  • Truly native experience with complete native API access
  • JavaScript/Typescript everywhere
  • When you want to leverage Angular for web components

React Native vs. NativeScript vs. Ionic: A Quick Comparison

 React Native NativeScript Ionic
PlatformCross-platform app developmentCross-platform app developmentHybrid app development
Developed ByFacebook CommunityProgress and CommunityDrifty.co
Written In JavaScriptJavaScript, TypeScriptJavaScript
Performance Good as it uses native UI componentsExcellent; gives 100% native API accessPerformance issues in high-performance and graphic-intensive apps
Learning CurveA Steep learning curveEasy as it uses Typescript/JavaScriptEasy due to Angular
Apps can be built usingReact and JavaScriptTypeScript, JavaScript, Angular, or Vue.jsWeb technologies – CSS, HTML, and JavaScript
GitHub Stars67.4K14.4K35K
Ideal forCross-platform apps with native interfacesTruly native appsHybrid app development using the single code base
Companies using

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facebook

Instagram

Pinterest

Bloomberg

Skype

Tesla

Uber

Walmart

Whoz.com

Work Box

Zege Technologies

GeekyAnts

Zdravel

Organaza

Daily Nanny

Dwitch

MarketWatch

Pacifica

Untappd

Nationwide

Sworkit

JustWatch

Vertfolio

What Will You Select?

In order to choose the best one, you need to analyze every small factor including cost, time, targeted platforms, and nature of an application. However, you can always go for expert advice from top React Native development company that holds vast experience in developing various apps using modern technologies. SPEC INDIA is one of the leading React Native development companies offering customer-centric, reliable, and faster app development services. We also offer a wide range of services across many industry verticals by combining years of experience, right skill sets, and the right approach.

How did you find this whole comparison? If you feel something important is missing, you can tell us via comments below!

Author: SPEC INDIA

SPEC INDIA, as your single stop IT partner has been successfully implementing a bouquet of diverse solutions and services all over the globe, proving its mettle as a boutique ISO 9001:2015 certified IT solutions organization. With efficient project management practices, international standards to comply, flexible engagement models and superior infrastructure, SPEC INDIA is a customer’s delight. Our skilled technical resources are apt at putting thoughts in a perspective by offering value-added reads for all.


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