In today’s software development environment, a plethora of technologies, frameworks, languages, and tools are being used. This is where stack comes into the picture.
A stack is a combination of languages, frameworks, and technologies used in the creation of mobile app development and web development.
Generally, any software is divided into two parts – client-side and server-side, also known as front-end and back-end. The selection of the right tech stack has a great impact on the growth and success of the web application.
What Is MEAN Stack?
What Is Full Stack?
Full stack is a term that is used to denote the capability of building both parts of the application – front-end and back-end. Full Stack is a broad term and doesn’t refer to a particular software/tool. Full Stack development is considered as an ability or skill to build full (client-side and server-side) web applications.
Good Read: A Complete Guide To Full-Stack Development
Full Stack Development vs MEAN Stack Development: How Are They Redefining Web App Development?
To understand these stacks in detail, we first need to understand how they relate to web development. As we have mentioned earlier, web development or any software development has two components – backend and frontend.
The frontend is the face of the application. It is used by end-users to interact with the website or app. It includes design, user experience (UX), user interfaces (UI), graphics, content, and components that are related to the look-and-feel of the website.
Backend is the backbone of the application. It’s a part that is not visible to end-users neither the processes. The backend is a logical part where data are stored, processed, manipulated, and sent to the frontend for presentation. All functionalities of the website are programmed in the backend. It mainly targets ‘response’ given to users that includes processed data or calculated results.
This is where Full Stack and MEAN stack differs.
Full Stack is a broad concept and requires a set of languages, tools, and concepts to learn, unlike MEAN. In MEAN stack, you will require knowledge of 4 frameworks mentioned in this acronym (first letter of each). MEAN is Full Stack because it consists of:
MongoDB – a database
Express.js – Backend web application framework for Node.js
Angular – Frontend web framework
Full Stack vs MEAN Stack Key Differences
From Technology Perspective:
Full Stack not only requires knowledge of several frontend and backend technologies but also mandates knowledge of deployment, optimization, web design, and automation. They are expected to work on a diverse range of tools and almost everything that requires building modern web apps.
From A Developer Perspective:
Full Stack developers are high in demand due to its versatile role. Full Stack mainly refers to the skills of developers who can work on both, client-side and server-side. They are responsible for ensuring the smooth performance of the website continuously and also ensure continuous enhancement.
Frontend And Backend Tools:
In MEAN, Angular is quite famous for building responsive, appealing, and user-friendly interfaces. Express.js is a Node.js web application framework and popular as a de facto standard server framework. MongoDB is a leading NoSQL database and widely used in modern applications. Node.js makes enterprise app development easier and faster and also good for high-traffic, real-time web applications.
Here, Full Stack developers have an extra advantage to choose from languages like PHP, C#, C++, Python, Java, or any other. Full Stack developers must know at least one backend and frontend framework to be able to develop modern web applications.
Responsibilities And Role:
Full Stack developers are quite fit for a diverse range of projects as they are capable to work on multiple frameworks and languages. Database knowledge is not restricted to MongoDB in the case of Full Stack.
MEAN stack developers can also use other JS-based client-side frameworks like React. This is why MERN came into existence. MERN consists of 4 technologies – MongoDB, Express, React, and Node.js. As MEAN stack developers are JS experts, they can quickly learn similar frameworks and tools.
Full Stack vs MEAN Stack: A Quick Comparison
|Full Stack||MEAN Stack|
|Ability to develop full-fledged web applications||Focused on 4 frameworks – MongoDB, Express.js, Angular, Node.js|
|Must be able to work on more than one client-side, server-side frameworks||Proficient in these four frameworks|
|Full Stack developers must possess analytical, architectural, and management skills due to their versatile role||MEAN stack developers are one of the popular Full Stack developers for web development|
|Developers are getting paid higher than MEAN stack||Comparatively lower paid than Full Stack developers|
Full stack and MEAN stack developers have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. Let’s see:
Why Full-Stack? Advantages of Hiring Full Stack Developers:
- They can easily switch between different programming languages and frameworks
- Knowledge of UI/UX and suitable architecture
- Ability to turn ideas into reality from concept to actual implementation
- Knowledge of various databases like MySQL, MongoDB, Oracle, SQL server
- Can deal with server setups and deployments
- API development and implementation
- They are quite faster to adopt new technologies or concepts
- Familiar with modern architectural concepts like cloud, microservices, containerization, and orchestration
Disadvantages Of Hiring Full Stack Developers
- They sometimes lack in-depth knowledge and that leads to delay and misperceptions
- They are often overloaded with the tasks
- Dependency on the Full Stack developer is higher and they are difficult to replace
- It’s difficult to stay updated with every update of all frameworks/technologies
Now, let’s see the brighter side of the hiring MEAN Stack developers that are ultimately Full Stack developers.
Benefits Of Hiring MEAN Stack Developers:
- Possess the experience of working on the database, frontend, and backend
- Able to manage every web development phase
- Suitable for cutting-edge web application development
- Able to develop individually and can handle a team of web developers
What Are The Disadvantages Of Hiring MEAN Stack Developers?
It is certainly a framework that is adopted by a number of leading organizations and utilizing benefits it has to offer but there are several disadvantages of the MEAN stack.
- Knowledge and scope are limited compared to full-stack development
- Developers must be able to have Node.js expertise to leverage its scalability and reliability
Which Is Better: MEAN Stack Or Full Stack?
Technically, this question simply does not make any sense as MEAN stack is a popular and widely-adopted Full Stack for web development.
As we have always suggested, choosing the technology and approaches depend on requirements along with factors like timeline, budget, and resources. Full Stack is increased in popularity due to its versatile role in this product-driven world. To make your customers happy, you need to develop faster and release faster. And to accomplish this, organizations need skills and responsibilities that save time and achieve goals using innovative and modern approaches. Definitely, Full Stack developers are the most sought-after skill in the upcoming years.