React vs Angular vs Vue.js: A Complete Comparison Guide

React vs Angular vs Vue.js comparison topic has an endless article debating which is better for web development. Counting from the statistics, features, trends, contributors, downloads, and Github stars – everything is being compared to figure out which one can make most of the investment.

React vs Angular vs Vue JS Detailed Comparison

Choosing a tech stack sometimes becomes a tedious task as you need to take every factor into consideration including budget, time, app size, end-users, project objectives, and resources.

Whether you are a beginner, a developer, a freelancer, or a project architect forming strategies, it is a wise decision to be aware of the advantages and drawbacks of each framework in detail. So, this post will not help you select the best one because that decision majorly depends on scopes and suitability. This post can help you gain the complete knowledge of each framework along with trends and insights.

Let’s get started.

Take a look at this comparison of React vs Angular vs Vue.js according to the Google trends.

If we consider past one year, Angular seems like a winner, React is second on the list, leaving a small share for vue.js.

React vs Angular vs Vue JS - Google Trends

Certainly, there are differences. Without those, there’s a no point of existence. Let’s assume that you are aware of JavaScript and you know the basic difference between framework and JavaScript library.

React vs Angular vs Vue

Here are some questions and their answers that can help you draw a conclusion:
  • Are they mature enough to build scalable applications?
  • Is it easy to find developers for each of the frameworks?
  • Do you know core concepts behind each framework listed here?
  • Have you analyzed performance, speed, and learning curve of each framework?
  • Are there any tools to develop an application using these libraries?
Let’s find answers to each question one by one.

History of Each Framework:

React is a JavaScript library for building UI components for web applications. React is maintained by Facebook and many leading tech brands are using React in their development environment. React is used by Facebook, Uber, Netflix, Twitter, Udemy, Paypal, Reddit, Tumblr, Walmart and many more. React Native, another popular venture from Facebook is used to build native mobile apps using JavaScript and React. Many well-known companies switched to React application development due to its outstanding features and functions. React vs Vue.js topic is also buzzing around the web and gives you ample insights to select the best framework

Angular is known as TypeScript-based JavaScript framework backed by Google. It is an enormously popular framework for the front-end development of this era. Angular was launched as Angular 2 or Angular that is a ground-up rewrite of AngularJS(Angular.js – old one).

Angular development is widely popular among developers across the globe and used by giant organizations such as Google, Forbes, WhatsApp, Instagram, healthcare.gov, and many Fortune 500 companies.  

Now, coming to the Vue, Vue.js is one of the most-discussed and rapidly growing JavaScript frameworks. It was created by former Google employee – Evan You who worked on Angular when he was a Google employee. You can consider it a success because of its ability to build attractive UIs using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Vue is used by Alibaba, GitLab, Baidu, and appreciated by developers and designers globally for Vue.js application development.

Popularity and Market Trends:

According to the 2017 Stackoverflow survey, Angular is loved by 51.7% of developers and React is embraced by 66.9% of surveyed developers. There is no need to say that JavaScript is the most popular language for web developer occupation grabbing 81.7% share of a whole. React and Angular have an almost the same level of users’ ratio in the category of popular front-end frameworks. Vue hasn’t occupied a place in any of the above lists but has an ability to participate in this battle.

Now, look at one more statistic of all these three frameworks’ rating on GitHub.

ReactJS vs Angular vs VueJS GitHub Stars Comparison

Image Courtesy: GitHub Stars History(timqian.com)

This GitHub stars history for Angular, React, and Vue is showing the popularity of Vue.js among developers. Considering a present scenario, Vue has 108,086, React gained 106, 807, and angular achieved 38,654 stars.

Vue.js seems to be popular if we observe the above statistics. Despite it is a “one-man-show”, it has the ability to grab the attention of developers due to its well-built and easy architecture.

Above all, you should not forget that Angular and React are being used by big names in the industry. Google uses Angular a lot in their projects and brands such as Facebook, Airbnb, Dropbox, WhatsApp, Netflix are using React in their development environment.

Community Support and Growth

As React is powered by Facebook and Angular is maintained by Google, there’s a no doubt on the growth of both these frameworks. In both frameworks, updates and releases are published frequently but they have things quite maintained when it comes to migrations. Upgrades are not a problem according to the developers in React and in Angular, there will be one major update every six months. The angular team regularly announces version updates, releases, and depreciation periods.

If we consider Vue.js in such scenario, there’s a migration helper tool which makes migration easier. But in the large app, it might cause a problem as there is no proper roadmap which focuses on versioning and their plans.

React is more flexible than Angular because Angular is a full framework and React is a set of independent, faster, and evolving libraries, and for that, you have to keep an eye on every little module that is no longer supported or maintained.

It Is Easy To Find Developers?

It is clear that you will find HTML developers easily than JavaScript fans. React involves more JavaScript and sometimes that’s the reason people geared towards Angular or Vue. Working with HTML makes more sense as React has a different syntax of JSX – JavaScript XML. However, it doesn’t require using JSX in your application but it is a bit tough to be familiar with setup, environment, and architecture of React.

Angular is a pretty good option in such case. You can easily find Angular developers and it has a well-established community with lots of projects, updates, resources and considerably, it has a sustainable future.

JSX or HTML? – What Would You Prefer?

This is an endless discussion. Angular uses enhanced HTML whereas React is more about JavaScript. Keep in mind that all these 3 frameworks are component-based. You can reuse components whenever required across the application. If we talk about JSX, JSX is neither a string nor HTML according to the official documentation. It allows developers to create React elements and it is a syntax extension to JavaScript.

There’s an advantage using it because JavaScript is powerful than HTML and it is quite maintained and mature language for front-end development. Vue differs from both the frameworks. It gives separation of concerns and enables developers to write styles, scripts, and other things in an ordered manner. This sounds good to any beginners, designers, and experienced developers who are familiar with HTML in previous projects.

Note: You can use JSX in Vue with the help of babel plugin.

Framework? Library? What’s the difference?

Angular is a framework because it provides you with a good start to build an application with the complete setup. You don’t need to look into libraries, routing solutions, and the structure. You can simply start building. React and Vue, on the other side, are more flexible and universal than Angular.

With React, you can do multiple integrations as you can pair, exchange, and integrate libraries with other great tools out there. At this point, React works out of the box due to its flexibility to offer seamless integration but with this, there are chances of wrong decisions and dependencies.

Vue is the cleanest in comparison to these three frameworks. It helps you keep your code efficient with the perfect balance of internal dependencies and flexibilities. It is very simple, straightforward, and easy-to-use JavaScript framework which aims to simplify web development.

Other Important Things You Need To Look At

Angular involves dependency injection, a concept where one object provides the dependencies to another object. This makes the code cleaner and easier to understand. On the other side, there’s an MVC pattern which splits a project into three different components – model, view, and controller. React does not have any such concept and it helps to build the only View of your application whereas, Angular is based on MVC architecture and it allows developers to build code considering 3 different sections – Model, View, and Controller.

Performance: Which Is Better?

Virtual DOM model is very helpful in terms of performance. Both, React and Vue has a Virtual DOM. Due to a well-built structure, Vue delivers great performance and memory allocation. React, on the other side, works well and Angular is already ahead in the competition.

The performance depends on various factors. These three frameworks are comparatively faster than other JavaScript frameworks. You should not take performance into account to draw the conclusion because it mainly relies on the size of the application and optimization of code.

Native App development? Possible? Take a look:

Native apps are built for a specific platform. React has React Native, using which you can develop native apps for iOS and Android platform. Angular’s NativeScript is already embraced by many to develop native apps and Ionic framework is widely popular for crafting hybrid apps.

Vue’s Weex platform is evolving and currently, there seems to be no plan to take it further, making it a full-fledged cross-development platform.

Which Platform Provides An Easy Learning Curve?

Angular and React have their own ways to do the things, where, Vue is considerably easy. Many companies are switching to Vue because it is easy to work with. Developing in Angular or React requires good JavaScript knowledge and you need to take a lot of decisions regarding third-party libraries.

Not only coding, debugging, and testing can be a real trouble if your application is large and involves a big amount of code in Vue because it allows you to build an application in an old-fashioned JavaScript way.

Angular provides quite informative and clear error message that actually helps developers to fix the issues.

One-way Data Flow vs. Two-way Data Binding

This is one of the major differences between React and Angular. Two-way data binding refers to the mechanism where UI fields are bound to model dynamically. When UI element changes, model data is being changed according to it. On the other hand, one-way data flow means there is only a single source of truth – model. Application’s data flows in a single direction, and only the model can change the app’s state.

One-way data flow is easy to understand and deterministic whereas two-way data binding is tough to understand and implement due to its complexity.

Now if we consider our frameworks in this case, Angular uses two-way data binding, React goes for single-data flow, and Vue supports both. Here, the point is, Angular’s two-way approach provides efficient coding structure and developers find it easy to work with.  React offers a better overview and understanding because the data is managed in one direction.

The Rise of Mircoapps and Microservices

Tech world is embracing mircoapps and microservices at present. React and Vue both provide flexibility to select the things which are important for the app. You need to simply add the required libraries to the source code in React and Vue. Angular uses TypeScript and that’s why it is more suitable for SPA rather than microservices. React and Vue, both frameworks offer more flexibility for developing microapps and microservices.

Finally, What Should I Choose?

If you like flexibility more than other features, use React.

If you love coding in TypeScript, go for Angular.

If you are a JavaScript lover, use React because it is all about JavaScript.

If you are a fan of clean code, use Vue in your application.

Vue provides the easiest learning curve and it’s an ideal option for beginners.

If you want separation of concerns in your application, use Vue.

If you are a fond of object-oriented programming, Angular is definitely a pick.

Vue is ideal for a small team and a small project. If your app seems to be large and has significant future expansion plan, pick React or Angular.

For cross-platform app development, React Native is an ideal choice as it provides modern functions and you can easily find resources. Angular, on the other side, needs a sound knowledge of JavaScript to build large-scale applications.

A Quick Comparison Angular vs React vs Vue

 AngularReactVue
TypeA FrameworkLibrary to build UI

 

A Framework
Why ChooseIf you want to use TypeScriptIf you want to go for “everything-is-JavaScript” approach

 

Easy JavaScript and HTML
Founders Powered by GoogleMaintained by FacebookCreated by Former Google Employee
Initial Release September 2016March 2013February 2014
Application TypesIf you want to develop Native apps, hybrid apps, and web appsIf you want to develop SPA and mobile appsAdvanced SPA and started supporting Native apps
Ideal forIf you want to focus on large-scale, feature-rich applicationsSuitable for modern web development and native-rendered apps for iOS and AndroidIdeal for web development and single-page applications
Learning CurveA steep learning curveA little bit easier than AngularA small learning curve
Developer-friendly If you want to use the structure-based frameworkIf you want to have flexibility in the development environmentIf you want to have separation of concerns
Model Based on MVC(Model-View-Controller)Based on Virtual DOM(Document Object Model)Based on Virtual DOM(Document Object Model)
Written in TypeScriptJavaScriptJavaScript
Community SupportA large community of developers and supportersFacebook developers communityopen-source project sponsored through crowd-sourcing
Language Preference Recommends the use of TypeScriptRecommends the use of JSX – JavaScript XMLHTML templates and JavaScript
Popularity Widely popular among developersMore than 27,000 stars added over the yearMore than 40,000 stars added on GitHub during the year
Companies UsingUsed by Google, Forbes, Wix, and weather.comUsed by Facebook, Uber, Netflix, Twitter, Reddit, Paypal, Walmart, and othersUsed by Alibaba, Baidu, GitLab, and others

Conclusion:

Still, if you can’t decide what to choose and how to proceed further with web development for your business, you can hire skillful developers who not only build your application but help you right from the requirement identification, plan, development, and deployment.

Author: SPEC INDIA

SPEC INDIA, as your single stop IT partner has been successfully implementing a bouquet of diverse solutions and services all over the globe, proving its mettle as a boutique ISO 9001:2015 certified IT solutions organization. With efficient project management practices, international standards to comply, flexible engagement models and superior infrastructure, SPEC INDIA is a customer’s delight. Our skilled technical resources are apt at putting thoughts in a perspective by offering value-added reads for all.


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