Top 15 Front End Technologies Shining Bright In 2022

  • Posted on : January 18, 2022
  • Modified: January 18, 2022

  • Author : SPEC INDIA
  • Category : Software Development

With the world experiencing the pandemic and WFH culture for almost two years, the significance of digitization and online operations has increased. Software solutions have gained momentum and the technologies that drive the success of all software solutions are the Front end Technologies. Of course, backend technologies are equally important but for the users to encounter and appreciate first, the frontend is the core output. The front end is what the users will firstly confront and experience.

Front end technologies are being introduced at a fast pace and it becomes challenging to decide on which one to opt for. This article focuses on the front end technologies list but before that, let us quickly glance through the highlights of front-end development.

What Is Front End Development?

Front end development is that part of software development that is visible to the users, i.e. the User Interface (UI) with which the users can interact. It transforms the complicated backend portion to an understandable user’s perspective through graphical ways. It aims at achieving a perfect user interface, speed, performance, and availability.

Going by the mobile-first approach and responsive web design (RWD) are ideal ways to embed design components to the frontend for various screen sizes. Front end web developers seek expertise over HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to strengthen their foundation towards frontend development.

Also known as client-side developers, frontend developers garner expertise in HTML, CSS, and JS for the creation of websites and apps. These technologies for front-end development make the base platform for page rendering and frontend engineering. Apart from these three, the frontend family includes a variety of libraries and dialects. It includes visual elements like a landing page, buttons, forms, menus, aesthetics, etc.

Key Benefits:
  • Code optimization and debugging
  • Reusable components and templates
  • Automation of tasks and prototyping
  • Increase in productivity and user-driven output
  • Easy development approach for developers
  • Realtime programming
  • Easy to learn and use
  • Speedy development
  • Facilitates responsive design
  • Fast reacting apps and features

Front-End-Technologies

Front End Technologies To Look For In 2022

The umbrella of technologies is huge and amongst them, there are many frontend technologies in web and mobile, that are sure to shine bright in 2022.

Here, we present a front end technologies list that is set to dominate 2022.

  • JavaScript
  • ReactJS
  • AngularJS
  • Flutter
  • Vue.js
  • Bootstrap
  • Ionic
  • HTML5 Boilerplate
  • Npm
  • Meteor
  • Elm
  • TypeScript
  • Grunt
  • Backbone.js
  • Sencha Ext JS

JavaScript:

JavaScript is one of the most popular scripting languages of the World Wide Web, along with HTML and CSS. It is best known for transforming the web thanks to its dynamic competencies. It has been interactive in nature offering different capabilities like clicking, scrolling, pop-ups, ads, asynchronous calls, etc. It is at the base of many frontend frameworks, at the client-side offering life to webpages.

There are millions of libraries that are leveraged by developer’s world over. There is a separate JavaScript engine that can fasten computations, offering a quicker page loading time. It is a text-based language that is used on the server-side and the client-side, to make interactive web pages, ending the dominance of static pages. As such, it is known for web pages, but there are many non-browser frameworks that use it, for e.g., Node.js, Apache CouchDB, etc.

Key Features:
  • Lightweight and Interpreted
  • Prototype-based and single-threaded
  • Supports object-oriented programming
  • Imperative and declarative
  • Competence to perform inbuilt functions
  • Client edge technology
  • Case sensitive formatting
Organizations Using It:

Netflix, PayPal, Uber, Groupon, Microsoft, Walmart, Facebook, eBay, LinkedIn, Google, etc.

ReactJS:

React or ReactJS is a well-known front-end JavaScript library used for creating a user interface and related components. It makes use of the MVC architecture, in which there is a separate layer of presentation and data availability. One of its USPs is the Virtual DOM and the way it handles the access and manipulation of documents. The DOM works well with the HTML and XML documents, making them perform like a tree structure, and each HTML element functions as an object.

Powered by Facebook, React has been accepted as a wonderful library in the front-end family of tools. It makes use of the JSX style of coding, with a mix-up of HTML quotes and tag syntax for creating the components. It divides the larger components into smaller components that can be managed separately and individually. The overall productivity of developers is bound to increase with this feature.

Key Features:
  • Reusable code and fast
  • Native and use of platform-specific languages
  • Community friendly
  • Reliable and tried framework
  • Virtual DOM to manage high traffic
  • Accessible for mobile development and web development
  • Easy to write with JSX
Organizations Using It:

Airbnb, Uber Eats, Instagram, Skype, Pinterest, Discord, Bloomberg, Facebook, Salesforce, etc.

AngularJS:

AngularJS is a TypeScript based web app framework that is an integral part of the MEAN technology stack. It makes use of an MVVM design pattern that separates the business logic layer from the graphical user interface layer. Being a flexible framework, developers can create progressive web apps or technologies like Ionic, Cordova, etc. It has inbuilt templates that help developers to build UI views in a fast manner.

AngularJS offers easy and quick data binding that needs no developer intervention. There is a two-way binding feature that lets developers manipulate the DOM, saving big on time. It supports caching and hence lessens the performance pressure for the CPU. It offers faster loading and lesser navigation making the entire user experience an effective one. Faster prototyping is an attractive feature that helps in increasing server performance.

Key Features:
  • Data binding
  • Directives and architecture
  • Not browser oriented and codeless
  • Dependency injection
  • Deep Linking and responsiveness
  • Multipage and progressive web apps
  • Testable apps and websites
Organizations Using It:

Forbes, Xbox, Blender, Gmail, Upwork, PayPal, Microsoft Office, Deutsche Bank, Santander, etc.

Flutter:

Managed by Google, Flutter is a popular, open-source UI framework that creates flexible and native-like, cross-platform apps with the help of a singular codebase. It is one of the fastest developing frontend frameworks for flexible and effective designs. It is increasing in popularity owing to its ability to create native performance and expressive elements on iOS and Android platforms.

Flutter makes developers enjoy the speed of Dart programming language and the graphical engine – Skia for creating cross-platform apps. The Flutter – Dart combination makes it easy for developers to create applications in record time. Flutter’s Stateful Hot Reload feature showcases the competence to create expressive UIs, full customization, and native-like performance.

Key Features:
  • Flexible, modernized UI and graphically enhanced
  • Singular code base for various platforms
  • Faster and simple coding and testing of apps
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for quick development
  • Customizable readily usable widgets, effective user experience
  • Native performance on almost all types of devices
  • Reduces code development time
Organizations Using It:

BMW, Alibaba Group, Dream11, Google Pay, Hamilton Musical, Google Ads, Hookle, Toyota, etc.

Vue.js:

Vue.js is a modern, progressive, MVVM framework that makes the best use of incremental adoption. As one of the best JavaScript libraries, Vue.js has been creating interactive UI elements that are easy to adapt and lightweight in nature. It provides data-reactive elements with a flexible and simplistic API. It is easy to finish off smaller projects and accordingly, scale towards higher requirements.

Vue.js is compact in nature and hence easy to install and download. Small and large level templates can be created, and errors can be easily found out, saving time and effort. It facilitates the binding of current applications and offers detailed documentation. It also helps developers to understand peer frameworks like Angular.js, React.js, etc. Handling HTML blocks is easier with its MVVM architecture.

Key Features:
  • Faster Virtual DOM implementation
  • Simple two-way data binding
  • Fast production and updates
  • Declarative rendering
  • Template dependent syntax and logic
  • Easy to learn and adaptable
  • Light-weighted and unbiased
Organizations Using It:

Netflix, Facebook, Grammarly, Trivago, GitLab, Xiaomi, Adobe, Alibaba, Reuters, Nintendo, etc.

Bootstrap:

Bootstrap is a free, CSS framework that is meant to create responsive, mobile-first, front-end applications. It has design templates for forms, buttons, navigation, typography, etc. It is like a toolkit to create the front-end elements of responsive sites easily and quickly. Its pre-built components have a variety of themes and icons that help in creative development. Its design caters to mobile devices and web development.

Bootstrap is an HTML, CSS, and JS library that aims to simplify the development of web pages. Its main objective is to add the desired size, color, font, and layout to the project. It ensures a fast development and building a fast prototype. It is easy to create projects using Bootstrap since developers just need basic knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JS.

Key Features:
  • Easy to grasp and start off
  • Flexible, consistent, and light-weighted
  • Responsive utility classes and structures
  • Dropdown component menu
  • Bootstrap templates
  • Offers LESS and CSS files
  • Lesser cross-browser errors
Organizations Using It:

Spotify, LinkedIn, Postman, Twitter, Udemy, Lyft, StackShare, Robinhood, Lyft, Jelvix, etc.

Also Read: Bootstrap Alternatives: 25 Best Alternatives To Bootstrap

Ionic:

Ionic is a well-known front-end technology that is ideal for hybrid app development. Using a singular JavaScript codebase, developers could develop effective and performant native and web apps, by taking advantage of technologies like React, Vue.js, etc. Plug-ins like Cordova and Capacitor play an equivalent role in Ionic’s expertness. These components have integrated features like a flashlight, camera, GPS, etc.

The app development by Ionic offers attractive cross-platform web, mobile and desktop apps under a shared code base with open web protocols. App development can even be packaged within Cordova or Capacitor bringing user interface creation nearer to native tooling.

Key Features:
  • Cross-platform, free, and open-source
  • Simple and beautiful design
  • Framework compatibility
  • Offers Cordova plug-in
  • Ionic CLI with helpful commands
  • Web standards-driven
  • Faster production-ready app
Organizations Using It:

Accenture, Digital Services, doubleSlash, JustWatch, Diesel, AppsFlyer, PartsAvatar, etc.

HTML5 Boilerplate:

HTML5 Boilerplate is a leading HTML, CSS and JavaScript template meant to design HTML5 websites that have cross-browser compatibility. It offers a professional front-end template that assists in creating a robust, quick website with several attractive features and good elements of HTML5. There is accessibility to Google Analytics snippet and placeholder touch-device icon.

There is a lighter version of the HTML5 Boilerplate available for use if you are known to the template. This technology has been an output of many years of community knowledge and combined efforts. There is no specific framework enforced, you can architect the code in whatever way you desire. It also includes Normalize.css which is an advanced, HTML5 ready alternative to CSS resets.

Key Features:
  • Media queries, helpers, print styles
  • Base styles, Normalize.css – an alternative to CSS resets
  • Modernizr feature detection library, full of custom build configuration
  • Effective site performance
  • Independent maintenance of server configurations
  • All-in-one package full of features
Organizations Using It:

Microsoft, ITV News, Nike, NASA, Creative Commons, Australia Post, Barack Obama, etc.

Npm:

Npm stands for Node Package Manager. It is a default package manager for NodeJS. It is one of the largest software registries in the world. It is a powerful front-end technology in which the developers share their code and reuse the code of other developers. It is a command-line tool used for installation, updating, and uninstalling Node.js packages in the applications. It is also an online repository for different open-source Node.js packages.

Npm, as the package manager for the Node.js platform, puts the modules in their respective place for nodes to find and manage dependency conflicts, with ease. It is highly configurable and supports a wide range of conditions. Basically, it is ideal for publishing, discovering, installing, and developing Node programs.

Key Features:
  • Online repositories for Node.js modules and packages
  • Command-line utility for installing Node.js package
  • Version management
  • Dependency management of packages
  • Easy sharing of code
  • Discover and develop Node.js applications
  • Keeps track of software installations
Organizations Using It:

Uber, Twitter, Netflix, Trello, Yahoo, PayPal, Walmart, eBay, NASA, GoDaddy, LinkedIn, etc.

Meteor:

Meteor is a full-stack JavaScript framework that is built using a collection of libraries and packages. It is considered an ideal front end development tool as it is based on the fundamentals of libraries and frameworks. Creating a prototype of an application becomes much easier and developers can create effective applications at a fast pace. Meteor offers tight integration with MongoDB and Minimongo.

Meteor is considered a good choice for novice developers who are new to coding and have some knowledge about JS. It is one of the simplest frontend frameworks to master. As an open-source framework, it is ideal to create full-stack JavaScript apps for the web, mobile, and desktop. With Meteor, you can integrate technologies as you use them, right from the box. You can use the same code for different devices and operating systems.

Key Features:
  • Open source, Full Stack solution
  • Isomorphic JavaScript coding
  • Database integration
  • Integrated live browser reloading
  • Easy integration with modern-day frameworks
  • Custom Package Manager
  • Funded by a huge community of developers
Organizations Using It:

IKEA, Honeywell, Mixmax, Dispatch, Lubert, Wishlist, Fantasy Biathlong, Hagglemate, etc.

Elm:

Elm is a domain-specific and delightful programming language apt for trustworthy web applications. It helps in designing web browser-based GUI, is entirely functional, and created with a stringent focus on performance, utilization, and robustness. It makes use of type inference for detecting corner cases and offers helpful guidance. Here, the code is decoupled and for developers, it is simple for rewriting and doing the changes accordingly.

The variables used in Elm are immutable and that betters the website performance. There is a highly reactive design and offers the programmers a seamless and integrated experience. It is considered an effective programming language as well as an effective ecosystem since everything is available at a single location. It makes use of abstraction named ports for JavaScript communication.

Key Features:
  • Easy communication between Elm and JavaScript
  • Access to libraries for better coordination
  • Immutability
  • Statically typed language
  • Modular approach
  • Interoperable with HTML, CSS, JavaScript
  • Functional, reactive, and event-driven
  • No braces, lot of triangles and arrows
Organizations Using It:

Mind Gym, Brilliant, EXR, for-school, Coya Stack, Talend, Culture Amp., NoRedInk, etc.

TypeScript:

TypeScript is a popular programming language that is powered by Microsoft. It is meant for the creation of large applications and its trans compiles to JavaScript. It is a superset of JavaScript and keeps appending optional static typing components. As an open-source language, it shares its semantics with JS. Apps developed by TypeScript are highly scalable and fast to respond.

Developers who use TypeScript encounter lesser errors, find it easy to maintain, and can refactor code without any trouble. It works well on the server-side and the client-side, supporting static typing. It is ideally used for huge projects whereas JS is considered good for smaller projects. There are many options accessible for trans compilation, with the help of the TypeScript Checker or Bable compiler.

Also Read: TypeScript vs JavaScript: Is TypeScript A New JavaScript?

Key Features:

  • Support for JavaScript libraries
  • Portable across devices, browsers
  • Adopts all features of JS
  • Private field checks
  • Error checking feature
  • Supports object-oriented programming
  • Readability and predictability
  • Optional static typing
  • Enriched IDE support
Organizations Using It:

Tableau, PNC, Gensler, Qualcomm, Live Nation, NVIDIA, Accenture, medium.com, Slack, etc.

Grunt:

Grunt is a known JavaScript task runner written on top of Node.js. It is a tool that is utilized to do certain activities automatically like compilation, minification, unit testing, etc. there are certain tasks that take a long time due to the scripts and plug-ins. This technology solidifies the developer workflows and increases the overall performance of projects. There is a command-line interface that it uses to execute custom tasks.

Grunt is distributed through npm. Since the entire ecosystem is widening day by day, there are multiple plug-ins that you can select from, and Grunt can help automate any one of them with the least of effort. Making your own Grunt plug-in is a satisfying activity. There are many plug-ins that are already created and some that you may create as you need.

Key Features:
  • Automation of repetitive tasks with least effort
  • Flexible and widely accepted
  • Simple approach with JS tasks and JSON configs
  • Lessens JS, CSS files, compilation of SASS, LESS etc.
  • Fastens development system and increases project performance
  • Reduces the probability of errors while repeating tasks
  • Easy to work on a new codebase
Organizations Using It:

Bitovi, Modernizr, Adobe, Twitter, juery, Sauce Labs, bocoup, LiveChat, Ghost, etc.

Backbone.js:

Backbone.js is a known JavaScript library that offers a proper structure to web applications by offering models with customized events and major key-value binding. There are collections of enriched APIs with functions, declarative event handling, and views. It connects well to the current API through a RESTful JSON user interface. It is light weighted since it depends upon only one JS library – Underscore.js and jQuery.

It is ideal to create single-page web applications with this language and for having the various components in sync. Developers can use settled perspectives with the help of the Backbone Layout Manager. It is considered good for lessening complications and for areas where is a lot of code. It offers a simple way for overcoming the problems encountered. There is a proper and well-organized way of writing the code.

Key Features:
  • REST API compatibility offers smoothy sync
  • Allows project creation with dissimilar users
  • Easy creation of single-page applications
  • Based on the MVC pattern
  • Dependency on jQuery and Underscore.js
  • The basic library that isolates business
  • Offers various structure squares
  • Connects easily to RESTful JSON interface
Organizations Using It:

Walmart, Pinterest, Uber, Coursera, Master Card, Reddit, LinkedIn, Roblox, etc.

Sencha Ext JS:

Sencha Ext JS is a comprehensive JavaScript framework that facilitates the creation of cross-platform and data-driven web and mobile apps for multiple types of devices. It has hundreds of pre-integrated features that can create effective user interface components. Data-intensive HTML apps are created with JavaScript. There are many user extensions that are accessible from the Sencha community.

Developers can manage millions of records and offer inbuilt functionality with powerful analytics. Data can be exported with the standard grid to different formats. There is a flexible layout system that can offer thorough sizing and alignment. Visually appealing charts are available in a static and dynamic way including bar chart, pie chart, and line chart. Heatmaps, treemaps, etc. can be added

Key Features:
  • Multiple user extensions in the community
  • HTML5 calendar, lists, grids, menus, windows, etc.
  • Ext JS Big Data Grid is much faster than peers
  • Flexible layout manager for better data organization
  • ADA standards for better design
  • Customizable UI widgets
  • Compatible code of newer versions
  • Creates apps on touch-enabled devices
Organizations Using It:

IWB, Agency, PlayCanvas, Beget Ltd., Cortex, Shopware, Devico Solutions, Pulse Infotech, etc.

Also Read: Top 12 Backend Technologies To Look For In 2022

On A Wrapping Note

Choosing the technologies for front-end development depends on personal requirements, project deadlines and budget, volume, market timings, server-side rendering, mobile development, flexibility, futuristic support, productivity, execution, and mobile readiness.

The list of Front-end technologies is unending, there could be more and more. But as for 2022, the above ones are sure to run the show successfully!

Author: SPEC INDIA

SPEC INDIA, as your single stop IT partner has been successfully implementing a bouquet of diverse solutions and services all over the globe, proving its mettle as a boutique ISO 9001:2015 certified IT solutions organization. With efficient project management practices, international standards to comply, flexible engagement models and superior infrastructure, SPEC INDIA is a customer’s delight. Our skilled technical resources are apt at putting thoughts in a perspective by offering value-added reads for all.


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