In recent times, the significance of digitization and online operations has increased. Software solutions have gained momentum and the technologies that drive the success of all software solutions are the Front end Technologies. Of course, backend technologies are equally important but for the users to encounter and appreciate first, the frontend is the core output. The front end is what the users will first confront and experience.
Front end technologies are being introduced at a fast pace and it becomes challenging to decide on which one to opt for. This article focuses on the front end technologies list but before that, let us quickly glance through the highlights of front-end development.
Front end development is that part of software development that is visible to the users, i.e. the User Interface (UI) with which the users can interact. It transforms the complicated backend portion to an understandable user’s perspective through graphical ways. It aims at achieving a perfect user interface, speed, performance, and availability.
Also known as client-side developers, frontend developers garner expertise in HTML, CSS, and JS for the creation of websites and apps. These technologies for front-end development make the base platform for page rendering and frontend engineering. Apart from these three, the frontend family includes a variety of libraries and dialects. It includes visual elements like a landing page, buttons, forms, menus, aesthetics, etc.
The umbrella of technologies is huge and amongst them, there are many frontend technologies in web and mobile, that are sure to shine bright.
Here, we present you a list of some future-proof front end technologies.
Netflix, PayPal, Uber, Groupon, Microsoft, Walmart, Facebook, eBay, LinkedIn, Google, etc.
Powered by Facebook, React has been accepted as a wonderful library in the front-end family of tools. It makes use of the JSX style of coding, with a mix-up of HTML quotes and tag syntax for creating the components. It divides the larger components into smaller components that can be managed separately and individually. The overall productivity of developers is bound to increase with this feature.
Airbnb, Uber Eats, Instagram, Skype, Pinterest, Discord, Bloomberg, Facebook, Salesforce, etc.
AngularJS is a TypeScript-based web app framework that is an integral part of the MEAN technology stack. It makes use of an MVVM design pattern that separates the business logic layer from the graphical user interface layer. Being a flexible framework, developers can create progressive web apps or technologies like Ionic, Cordova, etc. It has inbuilt templates that help developers to build UI views in a fast manner.
AngularJS offers easy and quick data binding that needs no developer intervention. There is a two-way binding feature that lets developers manipulate the DOM, saving big on time. It supports caching and hence lessens the performance pressure for the CPU. It offers faster loading and lesser navigation making the entire user experience an effective one. Faster prototyping is an attractive feature that helps in increasing server performance.
Forbes, Xbox, Blender, Gmail, Upwork, PayPal, Microsoft Office, Deutsche Bank, Santander, etc.
Managed by Google, Flutter is a popular, open-source UI framework that creates flexible and native-like, cross-platform apps with the help of a singular codebase. It is one of the fastest-developing frontend frameworks for flexible and effective designs. It is increasing in popularity owing to its ability to create native performance and expressive elements on iOS and Android platforms.
Flutter makes developers enjoy the speed of Dart programming language and the graphical engine – Skia for creating cross-platform apps. The Flutter-Dart combination makes it easy for developers to create applications in record time. Flutter’s Stateful Hot Reload feature showcases the competence to create expressive UIs, full customization, and native-like performance.
BMW, Alibaba Group, Dream11, Google Pay, Hamilton Musical, Google Ads, Hookle, Toyota, etc.
Vue.js is compact in nature and hence easy to install and download. Small and large-level templates can be created, and errors can be easily found out, saving time and effort. It facilitates the binding of current applications and offers detailed documentation. It also helps developers to understand peer frameworks like Angular.js, React.js, etc. Handling HTML blocks is easier with its MVVM architecture.
Netflix, Facebook, Grammarly, Trivago, GitLab, Xiaomi, Adobe, Alibaba, Reuters, Nintendo, etc.
Bootstrap is a free, CSS framework that is meant to create responsive, mobile-first, front-end applications. It has design templates for forms, buttons, navigation, typography, etc. It is like a toolkit to create the front-end elements of responsive sites easily and quickly. Its pre-built components have a variety of themes and icons that help in creative development. Its design caters to mobile devices and web development.
Bootstrap is an HTML, CSS, and JS library that aims to simplify the development of web pages. Its main objective is to add the desired size, color, font, and layout to the project. It ensures a fast development and building a fast prototype. It is easy to create projects using Bootstrap since developers just need basic knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JS.
Spotify, LinkedIn, Postman, Twitter, Udemy, Lyft, StackShare, Robinhood, Lyft, Jelvix, etc.
The app development by Ionic offers attractive cross-platform web, mobile and desktop apps under a shared code base with open web protocols. App development can even be packaged within Cordova or Capacitor bringing user interface creation nearer to native tooling.
Accenture, Digital Services, doubleSlash, JustWatch, Diesel, AppsFlyer, PartsAvatar, etc.
There is a lighter version of the HTML5 Boilerplate available for use if you are known to the template. This technology has been an output of many years of community knowledge and combined efforts. There is no specific framework enforced, you can architect the code in whatever way you desire. It also includes Normalize.css which is an advanced, HTML5 ready alternative to CSS resets.
Microsoft, ITV News, Nike, NASA, Creative Commons, Australia Post, Barack Obama, etc.
Npm stands for Node Package Manager. It is a default package manager for NodeJS. It is one of the largest software registries in the world. It is a powerful front-end technology in which the developers share their code and reuse the code of other developers. It is a command-line tool used for installation, updating, and uninstalling Node.js packages in the applications. It is also an online repository for different open-source Node.js packages.
Npm, as the package manager for the Node.js platform, puts the modules in their respective place for nodes to find and manage dependency conflicts, with ease. It is highly configurable and supports a wide range of conditions. Basically, it is ideal for publishing, discovering, installing, and developing Node programs.
Uber, Twitter, Netflix, Trello, Yahoo, PayPal, Walmart, eBay, NASA, GoDaddy, LinkedIn, etc.
IKEA, Honeywell, Mixmax, Dispatch, Lubert, Wishlist, Fantasy Biathlong, Hagglemate, etc.
Elm is a domain-specific and delightful programming language apt for trustworthy web applications. It helps in designing web browser-based GUI, is entirely functional, and created with a stringent focus on performance, utilization, and robustness. It makes use of type inference for detecting corner cases and offers helpful guidance. Here, the code is decoupled and for developers, it is simple for rewriting and doing the changes accordingly.
Mind Gym, Brilliant, EXR, for-school, Coya Stack, Talend, Culture Amp., NoRedInk, etc.
Developers who use TypeScript encounter lesser errors, find it easy to maintain, and can refactor code without any trouble. It works well on the server-side and the client-side, supporting static typing. It is ideally used for huge projects whereas JS is considered good for smaller projects. There are many options accessible for trans compilation, with the help of the TypeScript Checker or Bable compiler.
Tableau, PNC, Gensler, Qualcomm, Live Nation, NVIDIA, Accenture, medium.com, Slack, etc.
Grunt is distributed through npm. Since the entire ecosystem is widening day by day, there are multiple plug-ins that you can select from, and Grunt can help automate any one of them with the least of effort. Making your own Grunt plug-in is a satisfying activity. There are many plug-ins that are already created and some that you may create as you need.
Bitovi, Modernizr, Adobe, Twitter, juery, Sauce Labs, bocoup, LiveChat, Ghost, etc.
It is ideal to create single-page web applications with this language and for having the various components in sync. Developers can use settled perspectives with the help of the Backbone Layout Manager. It is considered good for lessening complications and for areas where is a lot of code. It offers a simple way for overcoming the problems encountered. There is a proper and well-organized way of writing the code.
Walmart, Pinterest, Uber, Coursera, Master Card, Reddit, LinkedIn, Roblox, etc.
Developers can manage millions of records and offer inbuilt functionality with powerful analytics. Data can be exported with the standard grid to different formats. There is a flexible layout system that can offer thorough sizing and alignment. Visually appealing charts are available in a static and dynamic way including bar chart, pie chart, and line chart. Heatmaps, treemaps, etc. can be added
IWB, Agency, PlayCanvas, Beget Ltd., Cortex, Shopware, Devico Solutions, Pulse Infotech, etc.
Choosing the technologies for front-end development depends on personal requirements, project deadlines and budget, volume, market timings, server-side rendering, mobile development, flexibility, futuristic support, productivity, execution, and mobile readiness.
The list of Front-end technologies is unending, there could be more and more. But as for 2023-24, the above ones are sure to run the show successfully!
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