Parameters Next.js Gatsby
Overview Server-side rendering tool that lets users decide everything. It makes use of customizing extension plug-ins for an enhanced experience. An opinionated tool that tells you how to manage data. It makes use of themes, extensions, and plug-ins to offer an enhanced experience.
Application Size Medium, large, or enterprise-sized applications wherein data is updated often Small or personal-sized applications where data is not updated often
Use Cases eCommerce/Finance web applications, Web apps/portals with personalization, applications with user authentication and interactions, client-side rendered applications, large multi-user websites, SaaS and B2B websites Static content websites, blog websites, marketing websites, company websites, static landing pages, progressive web applications, secure websites, portfolio websites, documentation websites, headless CMS-compatible websites
Deferred Rending Incremental Static Regeneration (ISR) Deferred Static Generation (DSG)
Data Handling May use any medium to get data, allows developers to manage data the way they want, needs a backend to provide data Uses GraphQL to get data, allows developers to fetch the data they need, with a rich collection of plug-ins, depends on APIs and third parties for data
Content Management System Fetching data from CMS a little tough since it does not have a well-developed plug-in ecosystem Easy connect, update, and edit to CMS through variety of plug-ins
Plug-in Ecosystem No Yes
Support for Rendering Supports static and dynamic rendering, renders pages via SSR usage Supports static rendering, generates HTML pages during the build time with SSG
 File Storage Requires server deployment Makes use of CDN
Generates HTML/JS/CSS at runtime Generates HTML/JS/CSS at build time
Requirement of Server Needs a server for its functioning Can run even in the absence of a server
Extensibility Features a wide range of tools and libraries that come with various features such as page routing, code splitting, and image optimization. Has a wide set of tools and plug-ins that can be used for extended functionalities with pre-configured themes, TypeScript compilers, compressed images, etc.
Scalability A perfect framework for enterprise use Perfect for static web pages and small-sized apps
Data Security need to set servers up with databases, maintenance, etc., for infrastructure Assists developers to create fast web apps by simply prerendering on a build and using a CDN
GraphQL Support Next doesn’t push GraphQL, so developers have a bit more flexibility Since Gatsby is built on GraphQL, data fetching happens through GraphQL queries

Gatsby vs Next – When to Use What?

Choose Gatsby when – 

  • There is a need for only static rendering
  • You need a quick website with plug-ins
  • You are already well-versed in React
  • You are in need of a wider range of plug-ins and resources
  • You plan to create a website with static content
  • There is a need to work with different data sources and plug-ins
  • You want to work on a smaller project that is stable and easy to setup
  • There is a small application to be developed with less development time

Choose Next js when – 

  • There is a need for both static and dynamic rendering
  • You need to choose server-side rendering
  • You need a scalable website that can be installed in a serverless environment
  • You need to use more JavaScript and its features
  • You plan to create a scalable website with dynamic content
  • There is a need for light weight API surface for dynamic and static content
  • You want to create a large-scale app for managing lots of content and data
  • The project needs to handle lots of content that are growing incrementally

Also Read: Next js vs React: Comparing Two Popular Frontend Frameworks

Choosing Between Gatsby vs Next js – Summing It Up

Both frameworks, Next js vs Gatsby, are exceptional tools for creating React-based applications. And when it comes to choosing between the two, there are other parameters that play an important role – project requirements, project deadlines and timelines, estimated budget requirements, available skilled resources, and time for a learning curve.

Both offer a great deal of benefits for developers and involved stakeholders.

Whichever you select, will be a good option in terms of its salient features and connectivity with your selected databases and libraries to offer a high-performance site/application.

Go on and decide – it will be a lucrative choice!