As the world of web application development reaches far and wide, backend frameworks play an important role in offering optimal solutions. They play a lead part in creating and implementing web applications in a timely and effective manner since they offer developers the apt tools and techniques to manage activities like database management, server configuration, routing, etc.
Leveraging the most popular backend frameworks can offer API route creation and communication, data processing and database integration, enhanced user experience, better server-side code efficacy, rapid prototyping, scalability, agile business model, user authentication, and an advanced client-focused approach. They keep the entire software environment in synchronization.
With the fast-moving technology landscape, the set of backend tools, frameworks, and libraries are changing. Businesses must stay abreast with the trends and that is where choosing the ideal backend framework plays a pivotal role.
This article brings into light the most popular backend frameworks of today that are sure to see a bright tomorrow and their salient features.
Backend frameworks are a robust set of tools, components, and libraries of server-side languages, ideal to support the backend of a website and create dynamic web applications.
They are server-side frameworks that make web development easier and faster, automating the different steps of web app development.
It becomes easy for developers to leverage the pre-existing structures, tools, and modules instead of writing each line of code in different languages. They can now create the logic and functionality in an application, with ease since these frameworks help developers in controlling the actions of the application.
Laravel is a flexible open-source PHP web framework that Laravel developers can leverage for creating beautiful web applications with elegant syntax and faster development practices owing to minimal coding.
As a popular backend framework, there is more to it which not only makes it simpler for the developer but also the business as it is based on the MVC architecture and highly cost and time effective.
Developed by Microsoft, .NET is a software development backend framework that adopts a variety of coding languages, including F#, C#, and Visual Basic. Developers leverage ASP.NET Core as a simplistic, powerful, and advanced framework for developing maintainable, scalable, and performant web applications with a single codebase.
As a cross-platform framework, it creates apps for multiple platforms like Windows, Linux, and macOS.
Fiber is a known backend framework, especially for Golang developers, developed on Fasthttp, the fastest HTTP engine. It is a powerful and slim framework that offers great scalability in terms of changing user requirements as and when needed.
It offers easy integration with third-party libraries and consumes less memory, with fast backend development.
Phoenix is a popular, open-source backend web framework written in Elixir and Erlang, ideal for creating web applications in a fast and easy manner. It offers support for real-time client communication through WebSocket.
The backend functionalities that it offers are effective for all types of web apps. It is concurrent and offers the competency to execute multiple processes together.
Ruby on Rails, also known as Rails, is a popular backend framework, that is also a MVC, and web application framework written in Ruby. It provides default structures for web applications, web servers, and databases. It makes optimal use of web standards like XML or JSON for transmitting data, HTML, and CSS for UI and styling. It offers full-stack competencies with easy utilization and hence has been a developer’s delight.
Django is an open-source, high-level Python-based web framework that goes by an MVC architecture, separating the application logic layer, presentation layer, and data layer into different components. It offers smooth development of web apps with minimum boilerplate code and focuses hard on simplicity, speed, and ease of usage. It makes the best use of proper guidelines that helps novices to learn the framework faster and more effectively.
An Interesting Read: Django vs Laravel: Two Prominent Web Frameworks Being Evaluated
Spring Boot is a leading open-source, Java-based, web framework that is known for creating enterprise-level, stand-alone applications with clean and modular code. It is considered apt because it is extensible, modular, robust, and easily integrates with other frameworks. It is created on the known Spring framework that empowers developers to create robust applications, with the least coding.
Flask is a lightweight, small-scale backend framework developed using Python. Developers find it easy to build web apps by handling HTTP requests and responses in Python. It is scalable, customizable and gels well with other libraries and tools, because of its Microservices architecture. Since it is a WSGI framework, it executes the web server instead of the user’s browser.
Express.js is a leading backend framework and a minimalistic Node.js web app framework that is flexible and lightweight. It is ideal for creating server-side applications and RESTful APIs. It is an integral component of the MEAN stack and is preferred for creating online applications. There is a robust routing mechanism, multiple HTTP utility methods, and middleware support for request and response handling.
AppMaster is a known no-code platform that is considered one of the best backend frameworks for the creation of production-based applications like web applications, admin panels, customer portals, process automation, bots, robots, IoT applications, etc. It offers real AI-generated backend and visual editing tools. Apart from that, there is not much code involved.
Next.js is an open-source React backend framework that offers server-side rendering and possesses inbuilt support for CSS. It splits code automatically into tinier chunks that can be managed on an individual basis. It helps in the creation of full-stack web apps with increased loading speed of web pages and enhanced user experience. It develops enriched web applications that can load faster and are SEO-friendly.
CakePHP is a rapid development framework that makes custom web development an easy task through its MVC architecture. It is a robust and scalable framework that is apt for novices and experts alike. Developers just need to have experience with PHP based on which they can develop web applications with ease. It implements software principles like an active record, front controller, etc.
When you choose the best backend frameworks, there are certain important factors that must be considered. Some of the major ones are – the learning curve that is involved, availability of documentation and community support, flexibility in access to libraries, security features and frequency of updates, and competency to scale as needed.
As you scan through the above-mentioned list of backend frameworks, you now know the characteristics and salient features of each one of them. It offers a direction as to which one should you choose for your project. You can even reach out to an experienced panel of software specialists who can analyze business requirements and suggest to you the right technology, for your organization.
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