The world of technology has seen React as a highly popular technology and the developer community has been quite pleased with it. There are numerous applications being implemented with this well-known technology, thanks to its salient features such as virtual DOM, SPA, reusability, and simplistic coding.
But the way everything has an alternative, there are certain complementary technologies that can be used in place of React, owing to different reasons. Before we have a look at the possible React alternatives and React JS competitors, let us glance through the fundamentals of React.
The world of React development follows the ‘Learn Once, Write Anywhere’ concept through which developers can create newer features in React without rewriting the current code. React web development makes it easy for developers to create interactive user interfaces, design simplistic views and render the appropriate components whenever data is altered. It creates encapsulated components that can perform their own state management and create complicated user interfaces.
React software developers are usually quite satisfied with the React performance and results. However, there might be reasons like large library size, lack of MVC architecture, a sharp learning curve that may open the doors to alternatives to React. Let us have a look at the possible and popular alternatives to React JS:
It is lightweight, component-driven, and follows a one-way data flow architecture. It showcases React-like fundamentals, API and normalizes events for enhanced cross-browser compatibility. There is isomorphic rendering on the client and the server, and it supports earlier browsers with ease. It utilizes internal objects for optimization. There are add-on elements like server-side rendering, routine, etc.
Powered by Microsoft Xamarin is a free, open-source alternative to React, for creating native and performance-driven applications. It caters to iOS, Android, watchOS, tvOS, macOS, and Windows apps. It is a cross-platform implementation of the Common Language Specifications or Common Language Infrastructure (CLI).
Leveraging Xamarin with Visual Studio offers to build mobile apps without the knowledge of any tool or IDE. Xamarin is written in C#, and it uses a shared codebase. It has a native platform integration for iOS and Android, a set of diagnostic tools, application loader, Android SDK manager, Google emulator manager, etc.
Ember JS is a popular alternative to React that provides client-side rendering, templating structure and URL support. It has handlebars integrated templates that perform multiple events with lesser code and offers an automatic update as soon as the data gets changed. Ember JS offers a great deal of productivity for the developers.
Since it is API friendly and possesses all major idioms, it is of great assistance to developers in increasing the speed of development. Through Ember’s modern control system, developers can switch over to the latest updates. There is detailed documentation that explains details about tools and APIs to be used.
Flutter is a leading, open-source, user interface framework powered by Google. It is ideal to create visually appealing, natively compiled, and feature-rich applications. Developers can create cross-platform apps for the mobile, desktop, and web through a specific codebase. It is one of the fastest-growing tools for creating flexible and expressive designs.
Flutter builds completely customizable widgets with faster rendering, native performance, and efficient app development. Its flexible, expressive performance on Android and iOS platforms makes it highly popular. It showcases a Stateful Hot Reload feature and offers easy coding with faster testability of apps.
Backbone JS is considered ideal for building single-page web apps keeping multiple pages in synchronization. Developers look forward to using it whenever they need to develop a simplistic framework with JS structure. It leverages a template engine to create a scalable user interface and helps develop a complicated user interaction with ease.
Vue JS is an open-source tool mainly targeted to develop single-page applications and their user interfaces. It works on HTML templates and hence is easy to use. It has a flexible integration procedure that does not affect the entire system. It has a smaller library in size and gives an enhanced performance.
AngularJS is a known name when it comes to fast, effective, and efficient web application development and mobile application development. It helps build web, desktop, and mobile apps. It is an open-source framework that is powered by Google. It has been instrumental in developing apps with MVC and MVVM architecture.
There is good support for most modernized browsers. It showcases salient features like linked state, props, and states rendering, utilizing class instead of className. It is a light weighted option to the React library to create mobile/web applications as well as progressive web applications.
Aurelia is created with smaller chunks of environmental modules and applications can be built by selecting desired modules. There is availability to two-way data binding and its extensible HTML compiler permits the creation of customized HTML elements, generates control templates, and connects newer behaviors to current elements.
Riot JS is an elegant and simple UI library, that is component-driven. It is tiny in size, has a virtual DOM that is like React but faster, and has an elegant API and enjoyable syntax. It offers customized tags that help in creating complicated views with HTML. It does not need any extra HTML root elements, fancy data/custom attributes.
It is liked by developers since it helps create effective user interfaces with a custom tag that has an interesting yet simple syntax, making it easy for novices. Even though the library is small, there is an effective output that it offers with the least possible amount of DOM updates.
While using react-lite, there is no compatibility package needed. It can be implemented directly through webpack alias. There is a lot of compatibility that it holds with other React components. It does not support server-side rendering or client-side hydration. It utilizes React DOM servers for feature operations.
Cycle.js is a popular framework that can work as a good alternative to React. It is a functional and reactive JS framework that can work on reactive and functional streams. Its functional programming concepts ensure that functions have only inputs and outputs and the least errors. A clear asynchronous logic can be written with API at its core.
The main concept of Cycle.js consists of drivers, functions, and streams. It follows main (), driver, and run (). Through this tool, the application is described as a simple function that takes an event stream as input and output both. It offers a predictable code, is simple and concise, extensible, and testable.
Svelte is a well-known, free, open-source compiler to create user interfaces. It does not include a framework script and produces cybernetically improved web apps. It shifts its work into a compile step that occurs as the application is getting built. It does not do the work in the browser just as its peers do. It updates the DOM as soon as the application state undergoes a change.
It offers better reactivity, scalability, speed. It is lightweight and leverages existing JS libraries. It writes the code to change the document object model in synchronization with the application state. It is ideal for small applications and smaller teams. There is no virtual DOM, it needs less code to be written and there are no complicated state management libraries.
It is easy to learn, loads very fast, has a smaller API as compared to its peers. It uses the virtual DOM and hence its templates get compiled first. It offers Flux compatibility, trustworthiness and is completely impartial. There is a creation of components through the required view property and through a possible controller.
Finally, it depends upon important parameters like skilled resources, budget, timelines for delivery, project requirements, and technical parameters like API, package size, ecosystem support, stability, and performance that help in deciding which alternative to React to choose.
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